According to Bucholtz and Hall (2005), adequation, the feeling of being similar to a community, would foster the construction of identity. Since the Thai-Chinese are born and raised in Hong Kong, they are highly assimilated in the Hong Kong community and culture. There are only little families which maintain Thai traditions or language. This could be an obstacle for them to recognize their ethnic identity through the ways they live or the language they speak. As a result, most Thai-Chinese have acknowledged themselves primarily as HongKongers, or even if they realise they are also Thai-Chinese, they see themselves no difference from Hong Kong people in terms of living style.
Besides culture, political identity, social circle and Cantonese proficiency could also reinforce the Hong Kong identity of the Thai-Chinese second generation (Wylegala, 2010). Understanding the fact that they are enjoying same political rights as local Hongkongers and making mostly Hong Kong friends are positive factors contributing to their Hong Kong identity (Wylegala, 2010). In Hong Kong, speaking Cantonese is also a factor constitutes this identity as it makes the second generation feel socially integrated (Wylegala, 2010). However, the ethnic language, Thai, may thus be suppressed in daily language usage.